Country: Indonesia
Capital: Denpasar
Area: 5,780 km2
Population (2018): 4.2 million
Language: Indonesian (official), Balinese
Religion: Hindus 93%, Muslim 6%, Christians 1.4%, Buddhists 0.6%
Time zone: CET +7 (winter time), +6 (summer time)
Dialling code: +62
Currency: rupiah (IDR)

The island of Bali is an Indonesian province. It is one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, located between the islands of Java and Lombok. Bali is the most visited island in Indonesia. All year round, tourists come here to enjoy exotic beaches, beautiful nature and fascinating Hindu culture.

The island of Bali is located 3.2 km east from the island of Java. East to west, Bali spans approximately 153 km, and it is about 112 km from its northernmost point to the southern one.

In the north of the island there are several volcanoes and the highest one – Mount Agung (3,021 m) – is also the highest peak of Bali. Due to volcanic activity, this part of the island offers unusual black sand beaches, while most of the beaches in the south are covered with white sand. Furthermore, most of the island is surrounded by coral reefs.

The cultural life of Balinese is very spiritual, and the contrast between modern and traditional became a symbol of their lives. Almost the entire population of the island is Hindu, and a religious calendar unconditionally governs the living rhythm of the population. Nearly every day is celebrated, and you can come across local people in traditional dress who prepare offerings to their gods early in the morning. The most important event of the Balinese calendar is a New Year celebration.

What Should You Know Before Coming to Bali?

Electricity
Electricity in Bali operates at 240volts (alternating current) and 50Hz. The sockets are the same as in the Czech Republic, requiring two or three flat pins.

Water
Tap water in Bali is not drinkable. Potable (bottled) water can be bought in every store. Some hotels run cold and hot water, but the standard is cold water.

ATM Withdrawals / Money Exchange
ATMs can be found anywhere around the island. However, we also recommend bringing cash such as euro or US dollars that can be exchanged at local money offices.

Tip
A tip is not expected as it is already included in your bill.

Bargaining
Be prepared to bargain during shopping in Indonesia. Negotiating prices is a part of the shopping tradition in Bali, and many times sellers might ask for even three times more than how much local pay.

Clothing in Bali
Clothing in Bali, including famous brands, is cheaper in Indonesia than in the Czech Republic. It is, therefore, worthwhile to pack only the most necessary items and buy the rest on the island. In the end, you will come home with a suitcase full of souvenirs.

Vaccination
Vaccination in Bali is not mandatory. For their comfort and security during a holiday in Indonesia, some travellers opt for vaccinations such as typhoid fever, hepatitis A and sometimes rabies. It is only up to you if you visit the vaccination center before leaving, but you can get to Indonesia without these vaccinations.

Vaccination for Bali – Schedule
If you decide to vaccinate before your vacation in Bali, then you should visit some of the vaccination centers where you can discuss and schedule a vaccination plan.
In general, you should schedule your typhoid fever vaccination at least two weeks before departure and hepatitis A is vaccinated in three doses. The first two are required before the holiday, which takes at least one month before departure. The third vaccine is usually applied six months after the first and lasts for the next 10 years.

Clothing in Bali
Clothing in Bali, including famous brands, is cheaper in Indonesia than in the Czech Republic. It is, therefore, worthwhile to pack only the most necessary items and buy the rest on the island. In the end, you will come home with a suitcase full of souvenirs.

Hepatitis A
This illness is rare in tourist areas in Bali. It is mostly transmitted through infected food or water. However, hotels and restaurants on the island have a high level of hygiene, and bottled water is available at every shop or restaurant.

Clothing in Bali
Clothing in Bali, including famous brands, is cheaper in Indonesia than in the Czech Republic. It is, therefore, worthwhile to pack only the most necessary items and buy the rest on the island. In the end, you will come home with a suitcase full of souvenirs.

Dengue fever
Dengue fever unlikely occurs in tourist areas. If you use effective mosquito protection (see Mosquito Protection), there is no reason to be afraid.

Typhoid fever
If you drink bottled water, the likelihood of being infected by typhoid fever is minimal.

Mosquito protection
You can buy repellents at every local store, and generally, local insect and mosquito products are much more effective than the imported one. Malaria is extremely rare in Bali, so you do not have to worry about being infected during your vacation in Bali.

Bali and animals
Some animals can be infected by rabies, but they rarely occur in tourist areas. Outside of the tourist spots, rabies is usually transmitted by monkeys, stray dogs or cats. Getting rabies vaccination applicable after being bitten or scratched by an animal is not difficult, but it is recommended to avoid these animals and prevent injuries.

AIRPORT IN BALI
Bali Airport is located 13 km from the capital, Denpasar, and it is called Denpasar Bali Ngurah Rai (DPS). The location of the airport is very convenient, close to all the tourist resorts of Kuta, Jimbaran Bay or Sanur.

Useful advice when arriving in Bali
There are plenty of helpers around the luggage belts at the airport who will try to take your luggage and offer help. If you decide to use their services, you have to pay them at least IDR 20,000 (35 CZK) per luggage. In case you do not want to use their services, decline their offer politely or do not pay attention to them.
Several exchange offices can be found at the airport, but due to the bad exchange rate, we recommend withdrawing money from one of the ATMs in the arrivals hall. At Denpasar Airport, you will find several Duty Free shops which offer alcohol, traditional Balinese gifts and other products. However, during your holiday, you will have many opportunities to buy gifts of greater choice and better quality.

Customs regulations – Bali
Upon entering Bali, you can bring 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 100g of tobacco. People over the age of 21 can import 1l of alcohol per person. The import of drugs, weapons and pornographic material is not permitted in Bali.
Upon departure, you can take 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco and 1 liter of spirit or 3 liters of wine.

WEATHER IN BALI
Bali is located in a tropical zone with a stable climate. The average annual temperature is 28 °C and slightly drops at nights. Daily temperatures range from 30 to 33 °C. The temperature of the water is very pleasant, and it is around 28 °C throughout the year.
The average minimum temperature in the mountains is 23 °C and maximum at the coast is 30 °C. In general, temperature differences are only between beaches and mountainous highlands, where evenings are cooler. A long sleeve T-shirt might be needed there – the only warm outfit you will need during your stay in Bali.
The sun rises around 6 am and sets between 6 and 7 pm. In Bali, sunshine is strong, and it is necessary to regularly use water-resistant protective creams with a minimum factor of 35+, even if it is cloudy. The strongest sunlight is during noon when it is better to stay in the shade.
Do not forget to pack sunglasses and a hat. Upon arrival, expose the sun gradually. Do not be afraid that you will not get tanned. The sun is enough for everyone.