It wasn`t until the recent tattoo renaissance of the 1970s that it began to become mainstream and permeate consumer culture through media and exposure of tattooed celebrities. It was eventually recognized as an art form. Today, it is said that one in five Britons has a tattoo. Tattooing became so ubiquitous in Britain in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries that tattoos even appeared in court proceedings. In January 1739, the London Evening Post reported the conviction of a 15-year-old thief whose trial revealed that he had a particularly violent tattoo on his chest. “On his chest, marked with Indian ink, was a portrait of a man with a sword in one hand and a pistol discharging bullets from the muzzle in the other, with a label from the man`s mouth: `you!` “, describes the story out of breath. “The villain would have been hiding this, but when he was discovered, he was ordered to show his chest to the court, which was shocked by such an unusual sight in such a young brawler.” In the various military branches of the world, tattoos are either regulated by guidelines or strictly prohibited to comply with dress code rules. “But it`s in the 17th century that we see this better documented. A prisoner was literally displayed in a pub, like a human curiosity. British antique dealers compared these tattoos to those the Romans had written about the British accent.
These scholars wrote about people who didn`t have to worry about “savages” because our own ancestors were exactly the same as if there was an integrated history. But the modern tattoo trade in Britain – with tattoos as commodities – began in the late 17th century with pilgrims. In 1988, scholar Arnold Rubin created a collection of books on the history of tattoo cultures and published them under the title “Marks of Civilization.”  He coined the term “tattoo renaissance,” referring to a period marked by technological, artistic, and social change.  Tattoo wearers, as members of the counterculture, began to display their body art as a sign of resistance to white, heterosexual middle-class values.  The clientele has shifted from sailors, bikers and gang members to the middle and upper classes. There has also been a change in the iconography from badge-shaped images based on repetitive prefabricated designs known as flash to custom full tattoos influenced by Polynesian and Japanese tattoo art, known as sleeves, classified in the relatively new and popular avant-garde genre.  Tattoo artists have transformed into “tattoo artists”: men and women with artistic training have begun to enter the profession alongside older traditional tattoo artists. Roman writers such as Virgil, Seneca, and Galen found that their culture took the same stance on tattoos as the Greeks – they chose to label only slaves and criminals as a way to separate them from the rest of their people. Tattooing certain groups of people in this way made it very easy to monitor their movements and was even used as a form of punishment for slaves or citizens who misbehaved and broke the law. Christian missionaries in the West tried to purge tattooing among Samoans, as they considered it barbaric and inhumane. Many young Samoans opposed mission schools because they forbade them to wear tattoos.
But over time, the attitude towards this cultural tradition relaxed and tattooing began to reappear in Samoan culture. [ref. needed] Tattooing in the residential school system was widely practiced in the 1960s and 1970s. These tattoos often took the form of small marks or initials and were often used as a form of resistance; A way to find his body. Tikhborne`s trials in the early 1870s caused a sensation in newspapers around the world. The case was finally decided in a Dickens drama courtroom. It turned out that young Tichborne had been tattooed by his friends at residential school; When the court asked him to reveal his tattoo, he couldn`t. The fake Tichborne eventually turned out to be the son of the butcher named Arthur Orton and was sentenced to fourteen years in prison.
The distribution of themes has become more uniform over time as some popular themes – particularly the navy, jewelry and astronomy – have declined and there has been an increase in tattoos depicting religion, nature, national identity and death. “Rich people – mostly men – went to Bethlehem, Jerusalem and Nazareth and got tattoos when they were there. Often very vast, like today`s footballers, with many crosses and religious iconographies. Essentially, the designs were carved from wooden blocks and then printed on the skin by dipping the block in ink. Then, tattoo artists used a single needle and pierced the skin by hand with empty ink. It`s a slow process, but similar to that of handpicked artists today. The situation is somewhat similar in the Netherlands, where the legal age limit for tattooing is 16, provided the client has the written consent of the parents. What makes this interesting, however, is the effort with which tattoo parlors cover theirs against possible lawsuits – they retain written consent on records for a decade, just in case. Emblematic of the popularity of tattooing at the end of the century are the 392 convicts in the database (all men) who had a tattoo of American showman Buffalo Bill.